SAT® Math topics: Things You Need To Know!

The SAT® Math test is the last section of the SAT exam. It covers a wide range of topics. The College Board® separates the SAT Math test questions into these four categories: Passport to Advanced Math, Data Analysis, Heart of Algebra, and Additional Topics.

You can learn about the topics tested in each category to make predictions about specific questions, recognize question formats, shape your expectations, and prepare strategies. Focusing on these factors can make a big impact on your confidence throughout the SAT Math test.

Here is a breakdown of the topics you need to know for each category of math questions.:

Problem-Solving and Data Analysis

Problem-Solving and Data Analysis questions focus on topics dealing with quantitative reasoning. You should be prepared to produce graphic models of expressions, interpret meaning from the context of an equation or graph, assess units and measurements, and answer questions about ratios and rates.

You should also know how to solve for various characteristics (like outliers, measures of center, and measures of error) that are present in data sets.

Heart of Algebra

Heart of Algebra questions focus on topics concerning linear equations and systems of equations or inequalities. Expect questions that ask you to read, translate, solve, and produce various expressions.

You can also expect questions that assess your ability to make connections between algebraic expressions and graphics. The focus of Heart of Algebra questions will range from conceptual interpretations to procedural understandings.

Passport to Advanced Math questions focus on topics related to complex equations. You may be asked to assess the structure of expressions or to rework their structure for various motivations (like isolating variables or finding solutions).

A focus on solving for or working with quadratic functions, quadratic equations, exponential functions, equivalents, polynomial expressions, systems of equations, linear expressions, and function notation is to be expected.