About AP® Statistics Exam
Do you want to take a math course that involves fun and exciting activities rather than just memorizing a bunch of formulas? If so, then AP® Statistics might be perfect for you. AP Stats is an alternative to other math courses like Calculus and requires math skills that you can apply in real life. Additionally, it broadens your future career options by providing you an opportunity to better understand surveys, research, and data-based results that allow you to theorize your conclusions.
We know that taking a challenging course like AP Stats can be stressful, but we've got your back. To ace AP Statistics, it is essential that you know the exam format, what topics are covered and how the AP Stats exam is scored. This comprehensive guide will give you all the AP Statistics exam information and review tips to help you prepare for it.
What Is AP Statistics Equivalent to, and Who Can Take It?
The AP Statistics course is equivalent to an introductory one-semester, non-calculus-based college course in statistics. The curriculum for the AP Stats exam covers fundamental topics and tools in statistics used for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. If you're taking the AP Stats course in high school, it will take a full year to complete, and at the end of the year you may choose to take the AP Statistics exam.
Since the course content is equivalent to an introductory college-level statistics syllabus, it can get overwhelming for anyone who doesn't have a knack for exploring data and working with concepts like probability, simulation, and predictions. Therefore, it is crucial to familiarize yourself with quantitative reasoning ability and draw formula-based conclusions to ace the AP Statistics exam. Before we explore the course and exam information for AP Statistics, let's address a couple of FAQs and understand the prerequisites.
Is AP Statistics a math class or a science one?
Although the course includes surveys, theory, and forming a hypothesis, AP Statistics is considered a math class because it uses algebraic formulas to deduce data-based solutions.
Can you take AP Statistics without high school statistics?
Yes, you can take AP Statistics without pursuing statistics in high school.
AP Stats may be the right subject for you if you have completed a second-year algebra course and can deduce inferences based on probability and simulation. Because second-year algebra is the prerequisite course for AP Statistics, most AP instructors would advise you to take AP Stats in your junior or senior year. A strong foundation in algebra will ease your way into preparing for the AP Stats exam.
What Is on the AP Statistics Exam?
To ace AP Statistics, you must know what to expect on your exam. First and foremost, you will be assessed on the mathematical concepts covered in the nine units taught during your AP Stats course. In the exam, you will also have to demonstrate your ability to use statistical methods and calculate the probability of an outcome. The exam will broadly assess your knowledge of three key concepts or big ideas covered during the course:
- Variation and Distribution
- Patterns and Uncertainty
- Data-Based Predictions, Decisions, and Conclusions
These big ideas are distributed across nine units to help you understand each concept efficiently. The curricular material is organized in a manner similar to many college courses and textbooks. Let's take a look at what these course units are and what their respective weights are in the AP statistics exam:
|Unit 1: Exploring One-Variable Data||15-23%|
|Unit 2: Exploring Two-Variable Data||5-7%|
|Unit 3: Collecting Data||12-15%|
|Unit 4: Probability, Random Variables & Probability Distributions||10-20%|
|Unit 5: Sampling Distributions||7-12%|
|Unit 6: Inference for Categorical Data: Proportions||12-15%|
|Unit 7: Inference for Quantitative Data: Means||10-18%|
|Unit 8: Inference for Categorical Data: Chi-Square||2-5%|
|Unit 9: Inference for Quantitative Data: Slopes||2-5%|
As you progress through each course unit, you will get the opportunity to engage with the big ideas that reappear throughout the course. Learning in-depth about the AP Statistics course description will help you plan a detailed study schedule for your AP Statistics exam.
The course curriculum for AP Statistics is designed to enable you to master specific course skills as you journey through the course. These skills determine how well-equipped you are to solve statistical problems on your exam. There are four skill categories in total:
- Selecting Statistical Methods
- Data Analysis
- Using Probability and Simulation
- Statistical Argumentation
Remember that every question on the AP Stats exam will require you to utilize one or more of these skills that you will have mastered by the end of your course. As you progress through the units, learning each concept, remember to reflect on the big ideas and these skills. A solid learning process begins with understanding the fundamentals of a subject.
AP Statistics Exam Format for 2022
With the units and themes outlined, we are now ready to explore the format for the AP Statistics exam. But before we go through the format, let's answer a couple of FAQs first. It will help you understand the overall exam format for AP Stats:
How long is the AP Statistics exam?
The AP Statistics exam is three hours long.
How many questions are on the AP Statistics exam?
There are a total of 46 questions in the AP Statistics exam. Below is a table explaining the distribution of these questions within the two sections of the exam booklet and the relative weightage of each section in the exam:
|Section||Question types||Questions||Time||Exam Weight|
|Section I||Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs)||40||1 hr 30 mins||50%|
|Section II||Free-Response Questions (FRQs)||6||1 hr 30 mins||50%|
Section I, which is the multiple-choice section, requires you to answer 40 questions in 1 hr 30 minutes. You have roughly two minutes per question. It is ideal to complete this section within 80 minutes, leaving you with an extra 10-minute window to recheck your answer choices.
Section II, the free-response section, is divided into two parts. Part A contains five free-response questions, and Part B contains one investigative task question.
It is important to go through the AP Statistics exam format in detail to learn about the free-response and investigative task questions so that nothing surprises you as you open your exam booklet.
How is the AP Statistics exam scored?
The AP Stats exam is scored on a range of 1 through 5, with 5 being the maximum score. Scoring a 3 or higher in the exam can earn you an advanced placement and credit depending on the AP Credit Policy of the colleges you are applying to. The table below shows how your AP Stats exam score equates with a college grade for introductory statistics:
|AP Exam Score||Equivalent College Grade|
|5||A+ or A|
|4||A- or B+ or B|
|3||B- or C+ or C|
If you are planning a career in Psychology, Economics, and Pharmaceuticals, AP Statistics is one of the core subjects that will come in handy. Students who wish to pursue social sciences or humanities often consider taking the AP Stats exam to understand and familiarize themselves with research-based data in their subjects.
Sounds like AP Statistics could be your jam? Let's look at why taking this course might be beneficial for you.
Why Should You Take AP Statistics?
Is AP Statistics worth it? and Should you take a course like AP Stats? If you are asking yourself these questions, we will help you understand how this course can help your future goals.
While AP statistics is best suited for students who wish to secure a foundation in Statistics and application-oriented subjects like Psychology, Industrial Engineering, Criminal Justice, and Economics, you could opt for it even if you haven't decided on your college major. That's the fun of taking AP Stats! It gives you the flexibility and chance to discover your potential for excelling in one or more subjects.
Taking this course will be a great option if you want to satisfy the course requirement for an allied subject that uses Statistics, and you do not necessarily wish to pursue a math-based career. Perhaps for all these reasons, AP Statistics has been one of the most popular AP courses. In 2021, 184,111 students took the exam, with more than half getting a score of 3 and above.
How many college credits do you get with a score of 3, 4, or 5 on the AP Statistics exam?
The credits you earn for your AP Statistics exam score vary from college to college. Be sure to check with the colleges you are applying to get the latest updates on their AP credit policy.
Since this exam tests your understanding of critical concepts and your ability to apply them to analyze data, preparing for AP Statistics requires extensive planning, a strong foundation of those concepts, and using them to solve problems. Since it is equivalent to an elementary college-level course, it requires discipline, dedication, and hard work. It's all about weighing the pros and cons to determine if this subject is a perfect fit for you.
With that being said, let's look at what AP Statistics can offer you:
Prepare for College
AP Stats covers more subject material than your regular high school lessons and encourages you to conduct research and analysis. Getting exposure to a college-level introductory course like AP Stats while still in high school will ease your transition from high school to the first year of college. As a result, taking the course and the exam will prepare you for next-stage career goals and challenges.
Boost Your College Applications
Taking up a rigorous course like AP Statistics reflects your overall college readiness. If you have taken the AP course, admissions officers will give your college application more weight. Taking this course also indicates that you have worked hard and have acquired the skills and intellect to take advanced college courses in math, which boosts your chances of selection exponentially. Not only that, 85% of institutions report that a student's AP experience favorably impacts admission decisions.
Earn College Credits!
While different colleges have their own requirements, the general rule is that AP Statistics is equivalent to first-semester college statistics. With a score of 3 or higher, colleges already recognize you as eligible to take higher-level courses. And because of this, most colleges across the United States will offer course credits to you. This is the most significant advantage of taking AP Statistics.
Strengthen Your Transcript
Many high schools give extra weightage to AP scores when calculating your GPA. That means, taking an AP class and getting an average grade is often considered a better choice than getting an A on your regular high school course assessment.
Save Time and Money!
Scoring well on the AP Stats exam can enable you to skip the introductory stats and/or math courses in college and jump into advanced courses. As a result, you can potentially cut through one year of your college and one-quarter of your entire college fees.
Furthermore, research shows that students who receive a score of 3 or higher on AP exams have greater academic success in college and higher graduation rates than their non-AP peers.
Widen your career options
Taking AP Stats in school will cultivate your understanding of statistics at the college level. It will also open up other areas of study like Psychology, Anthropology, Medicine, Astronomy, Pharmaceuticals, and many other specializations. Most majors involve statistical data and analysis, be it in the sciences or social sciences. As such, AP Stats is a versatile subject to pursue.
AP Statistics can be a great choice if you are not sure about your specialization and future career goals. Taking this course will help you keep your options open if you wish to switch between allied disciplines.
Although these benefits make AP Statistics an obvious choice for high schoolers, you still need to ask yourself if AP Stats is the subject you need. Let's explore a few pointers to help you decide.
Should I Take AP Statistics?
If you are asking yourself whether AP Statistics is a good fit for you, answering the below questions will help you decide if you should take it or not.
Do you love studying application-based math?
AP Stats relies on analyzing and interpreting data to arrive at conclusions and probability. If you don't like memorizing formulas and are looking for a different kind of application-oriented math class, you'll love studying AP statistics!
What are your future goals?
As mentioned earlier, AP Statistics is a versatile course that offers you the flexibility to switch between allied subjects. It is the only math course that comes in handy even if you are pursuing a major in Finance, Medicine, or Social Sciences.
You need to ask yourself whether you wish to pursue a career in any of the allied subjects to make better use of the hard work you put in while learning AP Statistics.
Is math one of your academic strengths in high school?
While being passionate about a subject is essential, it is also necessary to have an aptitude for it to excel. Remember that statistics is a form of applied math. If math is your strong suit, AP Statistics may be for you.
Do you possess graphic literacy?
AP Statistics requires a lot of graphing work. This means that you need to understand a graph and analyze the information conveyed there. If reading graphs is something you are good at, AP Stats will be perfect for you!
How many other AP classes are you taking? How rigorous are they?
Although AP Stats is easier than courses like AP Calculus BC and AP Physics I, it still needs significant time, effort, and discipline. If you are already taking heavy-weight AP classes but you do want to opt for an additional AP course, you can choose AP Statistics. However, remember not to burn yourself out.
Additionally, you could ask your teachers and seniors for past years' question papers and course curriculum to help you decide whether AP Stats can work for you.
Is AP Statistics Hard?
If you are asking yourself, "How hard is AP Statistics?" then there’s no easy answer to this. Like every other AP subject, AP Statistics also entails a significant amount of grit, dedication, and study to excel in it. But if you compare AP Statistics with courses like AP Calculus BC or AP Physics, then it is a tad more manageable since you don't need to rely solely on memorizing formulas and theorems.
Nevertheless, remember that it is an AP course in the end, and all AP courses are introductory college-level courses that require more work than your regular high school classes. In short, if you don't do your homework, AP Stats is hard!
Is AP Statistics harder than college statistics?
AP Statistics is equivalent to the first-semester college statistics course. So, it is equal in difficulty to an introductory statistics course in college.
AP Statistics Exam Review Tips
If you plan to take AP Statistics, below are a few tips to help you:
Prepare a detailed study schedule well in advance
Like any other AP courses, AP Statistics requires extensive planning, thorough knowledge of those concepts, and their application to solving problems. Students preparing for AP exams often lack planning a rigorous study schedule ahead of time, preventing them from systematically engaging with the subject. So it is advised that you go through the AP Statistics course description and prepare a study plan for yourself.
Make study notes while preparing for your high school course
These notes will come in handy and give you the baseline for making your AP prep notes.
Familiarize yourself with the question format through practice exams
As you practice more, you get familiar with what the questions ask of you and how to approach a question and deduce the answer faster and wiser.
Curious to learn more tips and tricks? Check out our AP Statistics study guide for advice and guidance on studying and learning how to ace the AP Stats exam!
While self-studying for your AP Exams from reference books is beneficial, it is recommended to take AP classes, online or offline, where you can clarify your doubts instantly and journey through your subject efficiently. At UWorld, we believe that preparing for your AP Statistics exam requires a systematic study schedule to guide you through the step-by-step knowledge acquisition process. We work hard to take you to a level where you can easily apply complex concepts and formulas to solve problems.
In conclusion, let us get a few FAQs out of the way:
What to bring to the AP Statistics exam?
You are required to bring the following to the exam:
- No. 2 pencils
- Black or blue-black ink pens
- A graphing calculator with statistics capabilities
When is the AP Statistics 2023 Exam?
The AP Statistics exam is scheduled for Thursday, May 4, 2023.
What happens if you fail the AP Statistics exam?
Nothing happens if you fail the AP Statistics exam. Whether you pass or fail the exam, you can still go
to college. However, if you fail an AP, it decreases your chances of getting into the top colleges across the country. While colleges do not consider the AP exam the only criterion for accepting or rejecting a student, it carries considerable weight.
Where can I find past AP Statistics exam questions?
You can find the AP Statistics released exam questions on the College Board® website: Past Exam Questions – AP Central page.
When do students usually take AP Statistics?
Students usually take AP Statistics in their junior or senior year of high school.
How much does the AP Statistics Exam?
The AP Statistics exam costs $96 for students in the US, Canada, and US territories. Additional charges may be levied if you are an international student. Check out our AP® Exams Registration, Cost and Eligibility page to learn more about AP Exam costs, late-testing fees, and other additional fees or rebates that you can get for AP Exams.
What calculator is needed for AP Statistics?
You’ll need to bring a scientific calculator with graphing abilities for the AP Statistics exam. Our guide on
AP exam policies and accommodations lists all calculator models approved by the College Board.